Date is a nutrient fruit enriched with valuable materials and minerals. It provides a wide range of essential nutrients and is a very good source of dietary potassium. Date is also mentioned more than 50 times in the bible and 20 times in the Quaran due to its incredible properties. Although about 400 varieties of dates are cultivated in Iran, only some of them are exported due to their fabulous and exceptional tastes. Date palms can take 4 to 8 years after planting before they will bear fruit, and produce viable yields for commercial harvest between 7 to 10 years. Mature date palms can produce 68 to 176 kilograms of dates per harvest season.
They do not all ripen at the same time so several harvests are required. In order to get fruit of marketable quality, the bunches of dates must be thinned and bagged or covered before ripening so that the remaning fruits grow larger and protected from weather and pests such as birds
Major types of date for export:
Mazafati: Fresh date, black in color
it is grown in Bam, Kerman.The coloring of this variety is black and its taste is exceptional.The fruit’s moisture varies depending on the harvest time and the location of the grove. Its size is generally between 2.5 and 4.5 cm.
Piarom: Semi dried with moisture under 15%,dark brown in color and long in size
it is grown in Hormozhan region.The skin of piarom date is thin and has a kind of sugar which is acceptable for diabetic people.
Zahedi: Dry with miosture under 14% , yellowish gold in color
it is grown in Fars and Khozestan regions and is used for industrial purpose because of its high sugar content.The top of the fruit is dark (from bright brown to dark red) and on the end, near the cap, it is buff-colored. In this type the flesh is completely separated from the seed of the fruit.
Rabbi: Semi – dried with moisture under 15% , soft , Dark brown in color and long in size
Rabbi date is one of the important productions of Sistan and Baluchestan province .after Stamaran ,Shahani , Mazafati and Kabkab, rabbi date is the most high quality date in Iran.
Kalouteh: Semi – dried with moisture under 15% , light black in color and round in size
Kalouteh date is very similar to Mazafati in taste and shape but with lower moisture.Its size is generally between 2 to 3.5 cm.